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Capping is the addition of shorter or lighter weight lashes either above or below the initial extension to add dimension. These can be placed at various points: at the base, 1/2 or 3/4 along the length of the lash. Finer lashes are used so that length or texture can be added without overloading the lash. You just need to ensure that you are choosing lashes that are not too heavy, so for example you would never cap a 0.2 with a 0.15.
Please refer to the chart to see what thickness you can safely cap. Also bear in mind that length will have a bearing on what thickness you can choose. You can go longer but you will have to sacrifice width. The diagrams below illustrate what lengths and thicknesses you could use but you can substitute your own.
1 x 0.20 12mm (maximum weight you should apply to a lash)
= 1x 0.15 + 0.10
= 2 x 0.12
= 3 x 0.10
= 6 x 0.07
This can vary depending on the length of the lashes. This is assuming all the lashes are the same length but if you are attaching shorter lashes = Less weight so you may be able to attach more.
You can attach a shorter lash at the base to add dimension. For example a 0.12 11mm capped with a 0.1 or 0.07 8mm.
You can also cap lashes at an infill when the original lash has started to grow out. For example, infill cap a 0.15 10mm with a 0.1 7mm. Do not attach a new lash at the base if the original one is too grown out as this may weigh the lash too much and droop.
You can attach a finer 0.1 lash halfway down an original 0.15 in a more dramatic curl for lift without adding too much extra weight.
You can vary the lash weights according to your clients lashes. For fine lashes you could apply a 0.1 or 0.12 and cap with a 0.1 or 0.07.
So just to recap the main principles of capping. You can add multiple lashes to a single natural lash but you cannot overload so you need to choose lash lengths and thicknesses that when added together, weigh no more than a 0.20 lash. You can attach from above or below but you need to make sure that the bases are securely bonded and that longer lengths are attached from the bottom and shorter on top to prevent drooping.